Mineral Concessions: Avoiding Conflict in DR Congo’s Mining Heartland

Copper and cobalt are the Democratic Republic of Congo’s two biggest exports

Artisanal miners often dig for these riches on lands licensed to large companies, sometimes prompting violent state intervention.

  • ICG

The government should instead foster better ways for citizens to share in the mineral wealth.

What’s new?

Competition between industrial and artisanal miners is a source of tension in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

In the mineral-rich provinces of Haut-Katanga and Lualaba, state security forces intervened in 2019 to expel over 10,000 artisanal miners who were encroaching on two of the…

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