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Turkey must act: Safeguarding freedom of navigation in the Black Sea

Russia suspended its participation in the Black Sea Grain Initiative on July 17 and revoked the guarantees of safe navigation, claiming that the commitments to remove obstacles to the export of Russian grain and fertilizer under the terms of an agreement between Russia and the UN signed on July 22, 2022 had not been met.

  • Fatih Yurtsever

On July 19 the Russian Defense Ministry announced that all ships crossing the Black Sea to Ukrainian ports would be considered potential carriers of military-purpose cargoes starting at 12:00 a.m. Moscow time on July 20, 2023.

The ministry also said that the flag states of such ships would be considered participating in the…

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