How the 20 year rule of Recep Tayyip Erdogan has transformed Turkey

In 2002, Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party, Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (AKP), obtained a parliamentary majority in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

The seemingly unstoppable rise of political Islam throughout the turbulent 1990s had finally culminated in a much-dreaded loss for a Kemalist political establishment committed to the secular vision of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of the modern Turkish republic.

  • Burcu Cevik-Compiegne
  • The Conversation

Twenty years on, many of the prophesies about Erdogan’s leadership remain …

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