In this Q&A, Crisis Group expert Meron Elias outlines what is at stake.
What is happening?
Kenyans are due to vote on 9 August in a high-stakes election that has polarised the country’s political elite.
The election pits Deputy President William Ruto, who will be trying for the top office for the first time, against Raila Odinga, the veteran head of the opposition Orange Democratic Movement.
As deputy president, Ruto once seemed to be the heir apparent, but…