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Turkish Reforms: From Imperial Repression to Thuggish State

The Turks' political journey toward the West began a century and a half ago, but Turkey now remains as distant from universal democratic...

The parallels between failed Ottoman and Turkish reforms are worth a look.

  • Burak Bekdil
  • Gatestone Institute

During that 150-year period, in addition to building railway systems on imperial soil, systems for registering the population and control over the press were established, along with the…

The most far-reaching reforms occurred in education: many professional schools were established for fields including the law, arts, trades, civil engineering, veterinary…

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