Sahelian states should reassert their presence in mining areas and take steps to formalise artisanal gold mining.
In Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, a gold boom is attracting the attention of diverse armed groups.
Security forces are struggling to control gold mining zones in regions that the state has neglected or abandoned.
Why does it matter?
Artisanal gold mining provides armed groups, in some cases including jihadists, with a…