While Putin’s regime touted the outcome as a victory, the election posed a significant challenge to what is called Putinism, a system that emerged in Putin’s second term to reassert Kremlin control over Russian politics.
- Regina Smyth
- The Conversation
It included the creation of a dominant party, United Russia, in 2001, and the centralization of political power in the Kremlin.
Putinism relies on the president’s popularity to …